"Although the term “deaf” is often mistakenly used to refer to all individuals with hearing difficulties, the word deaf usually refers to an individual with very little or no functional hearing and who often uses sign language to communicate. Hard of Hearing refers to an individual who has a mild-to-moderate hearing loss who may communicate through sign language, spoken language, or both. Hearing Impaired, used to describe an individual with any degree of hearing loss, is a term offensive to many deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals. They consider the terms "deaf" and "hard of hearing" to be more positive. Although it is true that their hearing is not perfect, they prefer not to be labeled "impaired" as people.
A hearing loss can be caused by many physical conditions (e.g., childhood illnesses, pregnancy-related illnesses, injury, heredity, age, excessive or prolonged exposure to noise), and result in varying degrees of loss. Generally, hearing loss is categorized as mild, moderate, severe, or profound. An individual with a moderate hearing loss may be able to hear sound, but have difficulty distinguishing specific speech patterns in a conversation. Individuals with a profound hearing loss may not be able to hear sounds at all. Both people who are deaf and those who are hard of hearing can be individuals with disabilities within the meaning of the American Disabilities Act (see below). The many different circumstances under which individuals develop hearing loss can affect the way they experience sound, communicate with others, and view their hearing loss. For example, some individuals may use American Sign Language (ASL) and others may rely on lip reading and voice.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is the federal law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities. Title I of the ADA covers employment by private employers with 15 or more employees and state and local government employers of the same size. Section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act provides the same protections for federal employees and applicants for federal employment. Most states also have their own laws prohibiting employment discrimination on the basis of disability. Some of these state laws may apply to smaller employers and provide protections in addition to those available under the American Disabilities Act. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces the employment provisions of the ADA. A hearing impairment is a disability under the ADA if: (1) it substantially limits a major life activity; (2) it substantially limited a major life activity in the past; or (3) the employer regarded (or treated) the individual as if his or her hearing impairment was substantially limiting. The determination of whether a hearing impairment is substantially limiting is made on an individualized, case-by-case basis."
Association of Late-Deafened Adults (National): http://www.alda.org/
For late deafened and hard of hearing adults of all ages. Born deaf, families, friends, co-workers, employers, and people working with hearing concerns are welcome also. Late deafened only means that hearing concerns developed after learning to speak, so that many ALDA members have been using captioning and lip reading since childhood. Hearing aids, listening systems, and note taking are also used by some.
Center for Hearing Loss Help: http://www.hearinglosshelp.com/
A commercial site with many free articles.
Hearing Loss Association of America: http://www.shhh.org/
International Federation of Hard of Hearing People: http://www.ifhoh.org/
Listen Up: http://www.listen-up.org/
The main purpose of this group is to advocate for the rights of our children and to make life as good for them as it can possibly be.
Maine Center on Deafness: http://www.mainecenterondeafness.org/
A nonprofit organization that serves people in Maine who are D/deaf, late-deafened or hard-of-hearing by providing resources, advocating for social equality, and helping the general public to better understand and appreciate Deaf culture and effective ways of communication.
National Association of the Deaf: http://www.nad.org/
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders: http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/
Maine Deaf Resource Guide from Division of Deafness:
Suite 101 Hearing Loss Course: http://www.suite101.com/course.cfm/17686/overview
This mult–page course takes you through the experience of hearing loss.
A collaborative project to produce a free–content and complete encyclopedia of deaf and hard of hearing people. And anything else that concerns the deaf world.
ASL Fingerspelling site: http://www.asl.ms/
Hearing Aid Information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hearing_aid
Basic Hearing Aid Information from Wikipedia.
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders- Hearing Aids:
Hear Now- http://www.sotheworldmayhear.org/forms/hearnow.php
A national non-profit program committed to assisting deaf and hard-of-hearing persons with limited financial resources who permanently reside within the United States. They also recycle used hearing aids.
Assistance to low income hearing impaired senior, children, and families by helping them to access hearing aids and related hearing care at a significantly lower cost.
Language Instruction, Interpreting Services, CART: http://www.certifiedinterpreting.com/
A full-service signed language interpreting agency, networked to a pool of certified and licensed interpreters throughout Maine and New England. ASL/English Interpreting, Deafblind Interpreting, Video Translation, Mentoring and Supervising, Instruction and Tutoring, ASL Evaluations.
Pine Tree Society Deaf Services: http://www.pinetreesociety.org/interpreting.asp
Pine Tree Society's Interpreting Services has been offering sign language interpreting services and Deaf culture training throughout Maine.
Mary Jane Grant Sign Language Interpreting Services, LLC:
PO Box 843
Sanford, ME 04073
207-651-3146 - Phone
866-825-9910 - Fax
207-213-1325 - Video Phone
Maine C.A.R.T. and Captioning Services: http://www.mainecart.com/
Verbatim Captions for people Who Are Hard-of-Hearing, Have Cognitive or Motor Challenges, or Desire to improve reading or language skills using Closed-Captioning Technology.
Division of Deafness, Guide- INTERPRETING: http://www.maine.gov/rehab/dod/interpreting.htm
Captioned Telephone Service: http://www.captionedtelephone.com/availability.phtml
CapTel phone users place a call in the same way as dialing a traditional phone. As they dial, the CapTel phone automatically connects to a captioning service. When the other party answers, the CapTel phone user hears everything that they say, just like a traditional call.
Entertainment and Cultural: http://www.yourneighborhoodtheatre.com/theaters.php?ID=3840
Bangor Mall Cinemas 10 is the first Maine movie theater to offer closed captioned and described movies!
Falmouth Regal 10, Open Caption Movie Schedule:
"Deafness in Disguise: Concealed Hearing Devices of the 19th and 20th Centuries"
A digital exhibit by Washington University School of Medicine.